Sales of electric cars are exploding, but these big challenges remain
Electric vehicle shipments will increase significantly this year as their popularity and global adaptation increase.
According to a recent forecast from Gartner, six million electric vehicles (which include battery-powered and plug-in hybrid models) are expected to ship this year. This is an increase of two million units from the four million electric vehicles shipped in 2021.
In addition, Gartner said that due to the increase in the number of electric vehicles, the number of global public electric vehicle chargers will reach a total of 2.1 million units this year, compared to 1.6 million in 2021. .
“Electric vehicles are an important powertrain technology to help reduce CO2 emissions from the transportation sector,” Jonathan Davenport, research director at Gartner, said in a statement. “The continued shortage of chips will impact electric vehicle production in 2022, and while shipments of vans and trucks are currently low, their shipments will increase rapidly as commercial owners see the financial and environmental benefits of electrification of their fleets.”
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However, Gartner also detailed challenges facing the EV industry, including the need for lower EV and battery prices, longer ranges, and perhaps most importantly, improved charging infrastructure. electric vehicles.
“Additionally, a major issue that needs to be addressed is the lack of availability of fast charging for home and public charging,” Davenport added. “Utility providers will need to increase their investment in smart grid infrastructure to cope with growing electricity consumption.”
These challenges are slowly beginning to be addressed. For example, General Motors announced in October a new effort to install about 40,000 Level 2 Chargers in the United States and Canada this year. Charging stations would be placed at workplaces, multi-unit dwellings, sports and entertainment venues, and colleges and universities.
Additionally, the Biden administration last month unveiled a plan, known as the Electric Vehicle Charging Action Plan, to expand and improve electric vehicle charging infrastructure in the United States. The plan calls for $5 billion for EV chargers’ investment in EV battery manufacturing.
This plan would be essential for the United States since Gartner expects North America to be the third region in terms of electric vehicle shipments in 2022 with 855,300 units. China is expected to account for 46% of global electric vehicle shipments this year with 2.9 million, while Western Europe is second with 1.9 million units.
This upward trend of electric vehicles worldwide will continue over the next few years, as Gartner also predicts that by 2030, electric vehicle shipments will increase by 32%, reaching 36 million units.